Oral Cancer

  • Oral cancer begins in the mouth (oral cavity). This region of the body includes the lips, the inside lining of the lips and cheeks, the teeth, the gums, most of the tongue, the bottom of the mouth, and roof of the mouth. It can also develop in the throat.
  • Cancer can develop in any part of the oral cavity. Because each part of the oral cavity is different, oral cancer encompasses a wide variety of cancer types that are treated in different ways.
  • Some of the most common oral cancer symptoms and signs include persistent mouth sore, a lump or thickening in the cheek, a white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, sore throat, difficulty swallowing or chewing, difficulty moving the jaw or tongue, numbness of the tongue or elsewhere in the mouth, swelling of the jaw, loosening of the teeth, pain in the teeth or jaw, voice changes, weight loss and persistent bad breath.
  • Risk factors include gender (more common in men than women), age, exposure to ultraviolet rays, family history and consumption of tobacco, alcohol, gutkha etc.

Get in touch with the best team of doctors having more than 20 years of expertise in this field. Top notch Consultants, Oral Surgeons & other specialists in this filed. Learn to prevent your loved ones & cure who are suffering from this deadly disease. Sanjeevani is Chhattisgarh's first complete cancer treatment centre with state of the art facility with best cancer surgeons and other specialists in the panel.



Types of Lip and Oral (Mouth) Cancer



Mouth cancer can develop in several different ways. The type of mouth cancer you have will require different treatment plans and care. Types of mouth cancer treated by the Sanjeevani Cancer team include:


  • Lymphoma
  • Minor salivary gland, including:
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC)
  • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
  • Polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma
  • Carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma
  • Mucosal melanoma
  • Sarcomas
  • Squamous cell carcinoma 


Types of Mouth Cancer by Region

Individuals are at higher risk for mouth cancer if they are smokers or drink alcohol or have been exposed to the human papillomavirus (HPV). Mouth cancer can form in various regions of the mouth, including:


Lip cancer is the most common area of mouth cancer. It is both a skin cancer and an oral cancer, but is typically treated as an oral cancer depending on the location.

If diagnosed early, the prognosis for lip cancer is favorable. With early detection, treatment is usually surgery without the need for radiation therapy, chemotherapy or lymph node removal. More advanced cases can result in the spread of tumors into nearby nerves and the jawbone which may require more extensive surgery and treatments. Members of the reconstructive team at Sanjeevani for Head and Neck Cancer use the latest advancements to reconstruct defects of the upper lip with minimal to no scarring, while maintaining competence of the lips to prevent problems such as drooling or difficulty speaking. 

Gum and Jaw

Gum and jaw cancer can occur in the upper and lower gums and as it progresses, invade the underlying jaw.

Gum cancer is linked to smoking, use of chewing tobacco and heavy alcohol use. Those with gum cancer may experience bleeding, thickening, cracking or sores on their gums. Gum and jaw cancer may require removal of a partial or full segment of either the upper or lower jawbone. In more advanced cases where removal of the full segment of jawbone is necessary, a patient will need facial reconstruction.


Tongue cancer is the most common area of mouth cancer and occurs in the front two-thirds of the tongue (base of tongue cancer is known as an oropharyngeal or throat cancer).

Tongue cancer is known to be high risk for spreading to the lymph nodes within the neck. Individuals may experience bleeding, red or white patches on the tongue, pain, numbness and difficulty swallowing. Treatment may involve surgical removal of part of the tongue.. Reconstruction of the tongue will allow optimal tongue function, including the ability to speak and swallow.



Symptoms and Signs of Oral Cancer

  • Abnormal patches inside the mouth or on your lips
  • Sore on the lip or in the mouth that doesn’t heal
  • Unexplained bleeding in the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Difficulty or pain when swallowing
  • Difficulty wearing dentures
  • A lump in your neck
  • An earache that doesn’t go away
  • Numbness of lower lip and chin

Risk Factors of Oral cancer

  • Tobacco use
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Smoking
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection
  • High levels of sun or ultraviolet (UV) light exposure
  • Personal history of oral cancer
  • Betel quid and gutka use
  • Diets low in fruits and vegetables
  • Weakened immune system



Diagnosis of Oral Cancer

Although symptoms may suggest that cancer is present, the use of diagnostic imaging, biopsies and other tests can help confirm whether the cancer really exists. The following are tests that may be conducted in diagnosing oral cancer:

  • X-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy


Treatment options for Oral Cancer

It may consist of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapyor any combination of these treatments.

  • Surgery may be an option where the surgeon may remove the tumor in the mouth or throat and any neighbouring tissues or lymph nodes
  • Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells or stop them from growing.Radiation therapy consists of external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy or internal radiation therapy.
  • External beam is a treatment option that uses localized high energy radiation beams to eliminate cancer cells and keep them from growing.
    Brachytherapy uses a radioactive substance, usually in the form of seeds which are placed directly into or near the cancer which helps to shrink the tumor.

Sanjeevani is amongst the leading hospital in India for cancer head & neck cancer treatment with high success rate, expert doctors having best onco-surgeons, medical oncologists, dietetics, physiotherapy to guide & take care of you through those tough times...  


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