Hyperthyroidism & Radioiodine (I -131) Therapy

Cancer Awareness

Hyperthyroidism & Radioiodine (I -131) Therapy

Dr. Himanshu Bansal, MD(Nuclear Medicine), consultant Nuclear Physician at Sanjeevani CBCC USA Cancer Hospital Raipur,  shared his insight about Hyperthyroidism AKA Graves' disease and the latest treatment measures in the healthcare industry known as Radioiodine (I -131) Therapy.

Hyperthyroidism- Graves’ disease

The thyroid is a gland in the neck that produces two hormones that regulate all aspects of the body's metabolism, the chemical process of converting food into energy. When a thyroid gland is overactive, it produces too much of these hormones, accelerating the metabolism. Although a number of disorders may result in hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease is a common cause. The patient suffering from hyperthyroidism (graves’ disease) can have these symptoms:

Common symptoms

  • Anxiety and irritability
  • A fine tremor of the hands or fingers
  • Heat sensitivity and an increase in perspiration or warm, moist skin
  • Weight loss, despite normal eating habits
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goitre)
  • Change in menstrual cycles
  • Erectile dysfunction or reduced libido
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Bulging eyes (Graves' ophthalmopathy)
  • Fatigue
  • Thick, red skin usually on the shins or tops of the feet (Graves' dermopathy)
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Sleep disturbance

Graves' ophthalmopathy

About 30% of people with Graves' disease show some signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy. In Graves' ophthalmopathy, inflammation and other immune system events affect muscles and other tissues around your eyes. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Bulging eyes
  • Gritty sensation in the eyes
  • Pressure or pain in the eyes
  • Puffy or retracted eyelids
  • Reddened or inflamed eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Double vision
  • Vision loss

When to see a doctor?

A number of medical conditions can cause the signs and symptoms associated with Graves' disease. See your doctor if you experience any potential problems related to Graves' disease to get a prompt and accurate diagnosis. Seek emergency

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